Experts outline health guidelines for cancer survivors – Consumer Health News
TUESDAY, March 22, 2022 (HealthDay News) — Healthy eating and regular physical activity are crucial for the long-term health of cancer survivors, points out a new guideline from the American Cancer Society (ACS).
“The link between a healthy diet and regular exercise in long-term cancer survival has become even clearer in recent years,” said Dr Arif Kamal, patient manager at the cancer society. “We encourage all survivors to work with their healthcare team to develop a program tailored to their individual needs, particularly if they experience symptoms or side effects that interfere with their ability to eat well or be active.”
The cancer survival rate in the United States is 68% and there are 16.9 million cancer survivors nationwide.
The 2022 guideline on nutrition and physical activity for cancer survivors was developed by an expert panel that reviewed research findings since the last guideline was published in 2012. The panel offered the following advice :
- Avoid obesity and maintain or increase muscle mass through diet and exercise.
- Practice regular physical activity, taking into account the type of cancer, the patient’s health, types of treatments and symptoms and side effects.
- Follow a healthy diet that meets nutritional needs and is consistent with recommendations to prevent chronic disease.
- Follow the general diet and exercise advice of the ACS guideline for cancer prevention to reduce the risk of new cancer.
The guideline was published online March 16 in CA: A cancer journal for clinicians.
According to the ACS, physical activity improves the chances of survival for patients with several common cancers, including breast, colon and prostate. Obesity is associated with poorer outcomes for patients with breast, endometrial and bladder cancer, the ACS noted.
A “Western-style” diet high in meat, high-fat dairy, refined grains, french fries, sweets and desserts is associated with poorer outcomes in colon, breast and breast cancer survivors. prostate, the company said.
The new guideline recommends a diet high in vegetables, legumes, fruits and whole grains, and low in red and processed meat, sugary drinks, highly processed foods and refined grain products.
The Mediterranean diet is an example of a healthy diet associated with better outcomes in patients with prostate cancer, according to the ACS.
It is not known how alcohol affects prognosis after diagnosis for most cancers, but higher alcohol consumption after cancer of the liver, larynx, pharynx, or head and neck is associated with a higher risk of death from all causes, the ACS noted.
The guideline states that nutrition and physical activity assessment and counseling should begin as soon as possible after cancer diagnosis and continue throughout treatment and recovery as needed.
“The good news from this report is that diet and exercise can improve outcomes for survivors of certain cancers,” Kamal said. “However, there is still a lot we don’t know, especially for types of cancer that are less common or have lower survival rates, which is why ACS is committed to continuing to conduct and support research on this important topic.”
The US National Cancer Institute says more about life after cancer treatment.
SOURCE: American Cancer Society, press release, March 16, 2022